How to replace a faulty BMS with another one without disassembling all battery cells?

At first I bought cheap batteries, and the first 5 months without a problem, but after the battery BMS failure, I bought a new battery and BMS, installed and working well. But I wanted to know what caused the previous failure, so I disassembled one of the faulty batteries and tested its voltage. The voltage reading of the faulty battery is 13.45 volts, indicating that the battery is in good charge. However, the battery did not work when connected to a system that had bypassed the BMS, which further confirmed the faulty BMS. At this stage, can I try some methods to try to disassemble the battery and somehow get the BMS back to normal?

I would recommend not disassembling the battery. Troubleshooting can be done by the following methods:

  1. Checking the wire order: It is recommended to check the connection order of the faulty BMS wires to ensure proper connection. This can be double-checked using a digital multimeter (DMM).
  2. Number and position of bolts: The number and position of the bolts seem a bit strange. There should be more wire connections in the center than at the ends, but in fact, 6 connections are seen in the center and only 4 at the ends. There are also some battery connection tabs attached to some bolts.
  3. Setting Max/Min Voltages for a New BMS: When installing a new BMS, it is critical to set the maximum and minimum voltages. These values can be determined based on the battery’s specifications and performance parameters, making sure that the limits of the charger and inverter are closer to the smooth part of the battery’s performance curve while setting the limits of the BMS higher.
  4. Test the internal resistance of the battery: It is recommended to test the voltage of the battery under light and heavy loads to assess the internal resistance of the battery. You need to make sure that the battery produces an extra voltage drop in the smooth part of the performance curve and that the voltage to disconnect without current is not too high or too low.
  5. Consider paralleling with DIY batteries: i.e. connecting these batteries in parallel with DIY batteries, provided they have similar voltages. This will form a 4S parallel battery pack managed by a single BMS. This may result in uneven current sharing between the cells, but when the pack is in the smooth part of the performance curve, they should pause charging/discharging to allow the other cells to catch up.

Note, however, that the idea of paralleling batteries mentioned in the last item is high risk and needs to be carefully considered and implemented.

MORE: How to check the cause of battery BMS heating when power is on?

What Others Are Asking

How to test a BMS fault with a multimeter?

I want to test whether is my BMS fault or not and now I have a multimeter. Can you tell me how to test it with a multimeter? And please tell me what I should pay attention to during the testing process.

Read Detailed Advice From Blog Articles

Your Trusted Manufacturer and Solution Provider of New Energy

Scroll to Top