To understand the e-bike BMS test and charging system test, you can refer to the following steps:
- Test the power supply system
– First, test the output voltage of the charger. For example, for a 52V battery, the charger should provide about 58V, while for a 48V battery, it should provide about 54V.
– Perform a “light bulb test” using an incandescent light bulb connected to an electrical outlet. This is easy to do with a 110V power supply, but even a 220V bulb can be tested.
– You can also try testing with a car light bulb, but be careful that you may burn out the bulb.
- Test for mechanical faults
– Use a multi-purpose meter to check the voltage at the appropriate location and make sure the reading is normal.
– Open the e-bike battery and check that all wires are intact and that no soldered joints are broken. The connectors may fail at some point due to the shock the battery can take, especially if you forget to lock the battery and leave it on the road.
- Test the inside of the battery
– Turn the battery on and test all wires and connections.
– Perform a BMS battery reset.
– Test the voltage across the battery pins to make sure each individual battery cell is working properly. When testing the voltage, be aware that the BMS battery pins are usually covered with silicone and you will need to gently scrape off the silicone before testing the voltage.
These steps can help you diagnose if your e-bike’s charging system and BMS are working properly and if there are any faults.
MORE: How to install a new e-bike BMS?